Bowles, S. & Gintis, H. in Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation (ed. Hammerstein, P.) 429–444 (MIT Press, 2003).
Henrich, J. et al. In search of homo economicus: behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies. Am. Econ. Rev. 9173–78 (2001).
Henrich, J. et al. ‘Economic man’ in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies. Behave. Brain Sci. 28795–855 (2005).
Henrich, J. et al. Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment. Science 3271480–1484 (2010).
Ensminger, J. in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-scale Societies (eds Henrich, J. et al.) 356–381 (Oxford Univ. Press, 2004).
Gintis, H., Bowles, S., Boyd, RT & Fehr, E . Moral Sentiments and Material Interests. The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life Vol. 6 (MIT Press, 2005).
Boyd, R. & Richerson, PJ Culture and the evolution of human cooperation. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 3643281–3288 (2009).
Haidt, J. The Righteous Mind. Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion (Vintage, 2012).
Tomasello, M. or Natural History of Human Morality (Harvard Univ. Press, 2016).
Henrich, J. & Muthukrishna, M. The origins and psychology of human cooperation. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 72207–240 (2021).
Tabellini, G. The scope of cooperation: values and incentives. QJ Econ. 123905–950 (2008).
de Montesquieu, C. Montesquieu. The Spirit of the Laws (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1989).
Baldassarri, D. Market integration accounts for local variation in generalized altruism in a nationwide lost-letter experiment. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 1172858–2863 (2020).
Fiske, AP The four elementary forms of sociality: framework for a unified theory of social relations. Psychol. Rev. 99689–723 (1992).
Greene, J. & Haidt, J. How (and where) does moral judgment work? Trends Cogn. Sci. 6517–523 (2002).
Rai, TS & Fiske, AP Moral psychology is relationship regulation: moral motives for unity, hierarchy, equality, and proportionality. Psychol. Rev. 11857–75 (2011).
Graham, J. et al. Mapping the moral domain. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 101366–385 (2011).
Greene, J. Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason and the Gap Between Us and Them (Atlantic Books, 2014).
Michalopoulos, S. & Xue, MM Folklore. QJ Econ. 1361993–2046 (2021).
Shiller, RJ Narrative economics. Am. Econ. Rev. 107967–1004 (2017).
Smith, D. et al. Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling. Nat. Commun. 81–9 (2017).
Berezkin, YE Folklore and Mythology Catalogue: Its Layout and Potential for Research 58–70 (The Retrospective Methods Network, 2015).
Becker, RA, Wilks, AR, Brownrigg, R., Minka, TP & Deckmyn, A. maps: Draw Geographical Maps. R Package version 3.4.0 https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=maps (2021).
Shweder, RA, Much, NC, Mahapatra, M. & Park, L. in Morality and Health (eds Brandt, AM & Rozin, P.) 119–169 (Taylor & Frances/Routledge, 1997).
Haidt, J. in Handbook of Affective Sciences (eds Davidson, RJ et al.) 852–870 (Oxford Univ. Press, 2003).
Norenzayan, A. Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict (Princeton Univ. Press, 2013).
Norenzayan, A. et al. The cultural evolution of prosocial religions. Behave. Brain Sci. 39e1 (2016).
Michalopoulos, S. & Papaioannou, E. Pre-colonial ethnic institutions and contemporary African development. Econometrica 81113–152 (2013).
Bates, RH Essays on the Political Economy of Rural Africa Vol. 38 (Univ. of California Press, 1987).
Fenske, J. Ecology, trade, and states in pre-colonial Africa. J. Eur. Econ. Assoc. 12612–640 (2014).
Michalopoulos, S., Naghavi, A. & Prarolo, G. Trade and geography in the spread of Islam. Econ. J. 1283210–3241 (2018).
Voigtländer, N. & Voth, H.-J. Persecution perpetuated: the medieval origins of anti-semitic violence in Nazi Germany. QJ Econ. 1271339–1392 (2012).
Enke, B. Moral values and voting. J. Polit. Econ. 1283679–3729 (2020).
Enke, B., Rodríguez-Padilla, R. & Zimmermann, F . Moral Universalism and the Structure of Ideology (National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020).